Cervix or cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women around the world, and one of the most frequent among the Spanish, behind the breast cancer, lung cancer and colon cancer, among others. Each year diagnosed in Spain around 2,500 new cases of this pathology, and with the goal of trying to eradicate it completely is celebrated each March 26 the world day for the prevention of cervical cancer; This year with the hashtag #PrevenirEsGanar, oriented to promote the gynaecological control and vaccination front human papillomavirus (HPV) to anticipate their occurrence and detect it early.
In Spain the cases of cervical cancer have been reduced 70%
According to the Spanish Association of those affected by Cancer of the ovary and gynecological (ASACOS) cases of cervical cancer have been reduced to 70%. Attributed this drop to carried out campaigns to encourage vaccination against HPV to girls between 12 and 14 years, and Pap smears and annual women once they have had sexual intercourse; in this way, any lesion on the cervix can be diagnosed until it resulting in possible malignant tumors.
Risk factors for cervical cancer
The main risk factors for cervical cancer include consumption of tobacco and alcohol, many births, or problems in the immune system, as well as a precocious age at onset of sexual relations, and their practice without protection with multiple partners. Human papillomavirus (HPV) virus has been established as one of the diseases that causes most cervical cancer.
According to María Jesús Rubio, the Reina Sofia Hospital in Cordoba oncologist, only the VPH16 and VPH18 subtypes are responsible for around 70% of the total number of cases, and it is estimated that approximately 80% of women will have direct contact with their lifetime sexual human papilloma virus, which poses a great risk. Although most will make you face no problems, thanks to its immune system, there is a part that will result in cancer for various reasons like stress, continued use of oral contraceptives, or immune system weakened by other diseases such as HIV, hepatitis C, or diabetes.
Prevention is the best weapon against cervical cancer
According to the data shown in the day #PrevenirEsGanar, held by medical specialists and associations on March 21, cervical cancer is specifically responsible for 2.2% of the total number of deaths in Spain. Despite being one of the lowest incidences of Europe, experts warn of the importance of controls on women who are not vaccinated, because we must remember that the vaccine began to manage in 2008 only to girls aged between 12 and 14 years.
Spain in 40% of cases of cervical cancer are known in its initial state, which allows a 90% survival at five years, resorting to surgery, regarded as the best option in these situations. However, the percentage of survival is reduced to 45% at five years in diagnosed patients when they are already at an advanced stage, i.e. 60% of the total number of cases. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments are chosen in these patients.