Urinary tract infection during pregnancy: prevention and symptoms

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Urinary tract infection during pregnancy: prevention and symptoms

Although during the pregnancy we can continue our life and normal routine if the doctor tells us that everything is going well, we must be attentive to any weird symptoms and go to our medical reviews.

Pregnancy time gynecologists are asking us a urine test. They do this to make sure that I have no infection in urinary tract, because if untreated duly, could bring consequences. You share what are the symptoms and ways to prevent them.

What is a urinary tract infection?

Urinary tract infection is the infection more common during pregnancy, since between 4 and 10% of pregnant women suffer from it.

There are different types of urinary tract infections, because urinary tract begin from the kidneys to the urethra, infection can occur in any part of them. One of them is cystitis or bladder infection, which is usually common in women who are between 20 and 50 years and are sexually active. Another, which is more serious than a cystitis is infection in the kidneys, also called pyelonephritis.

There is also a third type of infection called asymptomatic bacteriuria, which does not show any symptoms. If it is not it may increase the risk of an infection in the kidneys, causing premature delivery, low weight at birth or perinatal mortality.

Why are they so common during pregnancy?

During pregnancy increases the chance of developing an infection of urine due to various factors:

  • The high level of the hormone progesterone relaxes the muscle tone of the ureters, the tubes connecting the kidneys and bladders, making urine flow slower.
  • The bladder loses muscle tone during pregnancy, so it is more difficult to completely empty it when going to the bathroom, what you can do prone to reflux, which is when urine back up into the kidneys.

Therefore, urine takes longer to take the urinary tract and exit, which can cause bacteria to multiply and cause an infection.

What are the symptoms?

Urinary tract infection during pregnancy: prevention and symptoms

But as in everything related to pregnancy symptoms may vary in each woman and also vary according to the infection. In the case of cystitis or bladder infection, symptoms include the following:

  • Pain, discomfort or burning when you urinate.
  • Pain or burning during intercourse.
  • Pelvic discomfort or pain in the lower part of the belly.
  • Need very frequent or uncontrollable by urinating, even when there is little urine in the bladder.
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine. It could also occur blood in the urine.

In the case of a kidney infection symptoms include:

  • High fever that may be accompanied with chills, tremors, or sweats.
  • Pain in the lower back or on the side below the ribs. It may be in one or both sides, or in the abdomen.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Symptoms of infection may appear in the bladder. It is important to mention that suffer some symptoms of kidney infection you should seek immediate medical attention.

Than usual to treat a urinary tract infection is oral antibiotics, so you must follow the directions of your doctor and complete the treatment to make sure that you have removed all of the bacteria. In the case of the infection in the kidneys, it is likely that you enter in the hospital to monitor closely for you and your baby, as this type of infection increases the possibility of having a preterm birth.

How can we prevent a urinary tract infection?

Urinary tract infection during pregnancy: prevention and symptoms

Although there is a way to prevent a urinary tract infection at 100%, that you can reduce the probability of getting one with the following recommendations:

  • Drink plenty of water. But surely in pregnancy you go to the bathroom much more frequently than before, it is very important that you not deprive of drinking water. Liquids increase contributes to increase the amount of urine, which helps to clean the body of toxins.
  • The desire to go to the bathroom you don’t anymore. Even though you may feel that you could be champion 100 meters to the bathroom, it is extremely important that you urinate frequently and you sure completely empty the bladder by doing so.
  • Take care intimate hygiene during pregnancy is very important. Keep clean the genital area with mild soap and water, avoid strong soaps and feminine hygiene products. These could irritate the urethra and genitals, making them an ideal place for growing bacteria. Remember that DOUCHING should not be used during pregnancy.
  • Your genital area clean before and after having sex.
  • Take Cranberry. According to the Center for research on phytotherapy and the Sociedad Española de Ginecología y Obstetricia (SEGO) American cranberry intake can reduce episodes of urine infections in half, so it is recommended to treat recurrent urine infections, since power diuretic ability of the organism.

Remember that before the first sign of a possible infection in the urine you should call or go to your doctor so that make you the necessary analysis and prescribe you the proper treatment.

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