Yesterday took the news of a 9 year old girl from Manresa had died due to a fulminant meningitis, everything seemed to indicate that type B by the gravity of the box. However, the Secretary of public health of the Generalitat, Joan Guix, today announced that, after the carried out analytical confirmed that it was a meningitis type C, whose vaccine is free in Spain for years.
They have also indicated that “there is no evidence the vaccine in Primer”, despite appearing in the official vaccination calendar. According to the latest calendar of vaccines are administered three doses: within four months, between 12 and 15 months and a final dose in adolescence.
The best prevention, vaccination
Meningitis is a contagious disease caused by viruses or bacteria. Viral meningitis occurs more frequently than bacterial meningitis and is milder, while meningococcal, as in this case, meningitis is a severe bacterial infection of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It is life-threatening.
The meningococcal bacterium produces inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, and in the worst cases can end up producing sepsis (generalized infection) that can finish with important sequels and even the death of the person concerned.
Symptoms usually appear rapidly, which include stiffness of the neck and spine, pain severe headache, vomiting in shotgun and photophobia.
There are several families (serogroups) meningococcal and each one requires a specific vaccine. The most important are the serogroups A, B, C, W135, X e and. Europe dominated B and C, but the latter has decreased sharply since the vaccine for meningitis C in the infant schedule included.
For the serogroup B, prevention is the Bexsero vaccine, which is not included in the vaccine schedule, and despite being on sale October 2015 for parents who wish to purchase it after a prescription, very few doses arrive in pharmacies.
The infection can be treated with antibiotics, but is sometimes so fast its advance that drugs are not effective. The Manresa girl died within a few hours. “There was a spread of bacteria from the pharynx it passed to the blood and produced a multiorgan failure”, said the head of the mother and child Hospital Sant Joan de Déu de Manresa, Santi Nevot, as we read in the country.
The evolution of meningitis was very fast, so the best weapon to prevent a fulminant disease is vaccination.
The child had not been immunized
“We not know that it would be vaccinated”, said the Secretary of public health, Joan Guix, despite the fact that the vaccine is included in the systematic timing of vaccines funded by the public health system.
“The coverage is 95% in the amount of four months, 94% in the 12 months and 97.5% in the 11 years”, said the Assistant Director-general of Health Department of health promotion, Carme heads.
Other cases in Catalonia
The Government reiterates that cases detected in recent months “have no relation” or is of an outbreak.
The first case was a two-year-old boy who died in hospital Josep Trueta in Girona, after undergoing a clinical meningitis, although still picture not it has could ascertain the microorganism causing disease.
The second was this girl who died of fulminant form, while the third case notified is a minor from Berga, but this time it’s a viral meningitis which evolves favorably.
Health also suspected in another case, still to be confirmed, in the area of Central Catalonia, which has had to be transferred to a hospital in Barcelona.