Respiratory allergies affect 33% of the Spanish population, which is about 16 million people, according to the Spanish society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (SEAIC). Half of them are allergic to the pollen of some plants such as the grasses, Cypress, or shadow banana. Moreover, high temperatures, high levels of carbon dioxide, and the lack of rain in recent months, have caused plants to prolong their pollination and produce more pollen to defend himself, lengthening the symptoms in people with allergies.
Pollution has three major consequences for people suffering from allergies: advances the flowering, increases pollen production, and prevents to escape the atmosphere of cities
Big cities pollution increases the prevalence of allergies, by the combustion of diesel among other reasons, since they create a situation in which gases can not disappear from the atmosphere of urban. All this affects the pollination of plants, which in this case could come in mid-April, according to Moral Angel, President of the Comité de Aerobiología of the SEAIC.
By province pollen concentration alert levels
Also it has been estimated the intensity from grasses, plant which cause more allergies, this spring. As a result has concluded that levels will be very mild in the Canary Islands, mild in the northern zone and the Mediterranean coast, and will present a level moderated in Andalusia and in the central plateau, being the only community with alarm Extremadura.
The SEAIC has a website called Polenes.com where users can get information on the concentrations of different pollen types in Spain, thanks to 54 stations scattered around the Peninsula. This can help those affected to schedule outdoor activities, or taking your medication for the prevention, thereby improving symptoms.
Affects respiratory allergy in many ways to the lives of patients, therefore the SEAIC recommended allergy vaccination as the first therapeutic tool, as well as continue with preventive habits to avoid troublesome symptoms of allergy, how to avoid traveling along parks and gardens, or change clothes to get home.
Another of the most common measures is the use of mask, however, experts warn that you are only a good solution if they are appropriate. The pollen is very small, so if the masks are surgical, crosses the pores of the paper without difficulty. For this reason, they recommend using those that have some kind of special filter, which helps improve the air cycle, reducing moisture and heat in the interior of the same.