April 7 marks the World Health Day, which is dedicated to the depression, a mental health problem that affects more and more people in the world in 2017. In fact, depression is a common mental disorder that affects people of all ages and social conditions and of all countries.
Anxiety and depression in pregnancy are so common that one in four women suffer them and it is also common that postpartum depression is given. In addition, more and more children suffer anxiety and depression, so this is a subject that interests us (and affects us) long.
The World Health Day is celebrated on this day to commemorate the anniversary of the founding of the World Health Organization in 1948. Each year is chosen for this date an issue that highlights an area of priority concern for the who and in 2017 is the shift of this worrying problem, but that can prevent and treat depression.
No country, nor social class, age or gender gets rid of this disorder, which affects more and more people in the world. In extreme cases, depression can cause suicide, which is currently the second leading cause of death among people 15 to 29 years of age. So we must talk about depression and it’s okay to make it on the World Health Day, but it must be done whenever it is necessary.
A critical moment for the woman is postpartum and we must be alert to signals, especially those that are in the environment of the woman, as she can deny the problem. The symptoms of postpartum depression are:
- Feelings of anguish and sadness.
- You can not leave the situation in which it is located.
- Lack of interest in activities previously carried out.
- Much sleep or insomnia, hungry or lack of appetite.
- Lack of interest in the baby and everything related to it, does not connect with the baby.
- Feelings of inability to care for your baby.
- Extreme concern in your care.
- You have withdrawal and lack of communication.
- You have catastrophic thoughts or suicidal.
Postpartum depression is a disease that can be treated, so it is important, first of all, to attend to the symptoms, know recognize and seek necessary help and support.
Depression during pregnancy
During pregnancy, women may also be affected by anxiety or depression, so you also have that address symptoms and not let them pass. The hormonal, chemical changes that are generated and change with the intense emotional States of the mother, also become the baby.
So the mother’s emotional health can affect the baby, there are studies that link the anxiety of the mother to the child’s health, because it has been shown that anxiety and depression in pregnancy is associated with less weight at birth, with consequent increase of the health risks of the newborn (i.e. are children more likely to have asthma).
On the other hand, the depression of pregnant women can affect the language of the baby and child and also increase the risk of suffering, in the future, depression.
If you are pregnant, you do not neglect your emotions and seek help in case of symptoms of depression. If one is pregnant in your environment and suspicions that need help in this regard, speaks with her and with the doctor that you can make a correct diagnosis.
Moreover, children do not get rid of the risk of depression. And we are not only talking about extreme or difficult family situations. A rate of stressful life, be subjected to the pressure of studies, extracurricular activities, changes of address or school, separation from parents, economic problems…
All are factors that can influence the psychological state of the child. What I feel our son or daughter is very important, help is also needed in cases of child depression and a good prevention is important.
Symptoms of depression are during childhood, persistent sadness, loss of interest in activities that normally is enjoyed, inability to carry out daily activities…
Children with depression experience withdrawal, irritability, they cry often, they find it difficult to concentrate at school, undergo changes in appetite or go to sleep more or less than normal. Younger children may lose interest in play, while older can take risks that normally would not assume.
General messages about depression
We ended up with the following messages about depression who want to disseminate a day like today.
- Depression is a common mental disorder that affects people of all ages and social conditions and of all countries.
- The risk of depression is aggravated by poverty, unemployment, life events such as death of a loved one or the breakdown of a relationship, physical illness and the problems caused by alcohol and drugs.
- Depression causes mental anguish and it can affect people’s ability to carry out even the simplest daily tasks, what has sometimes adverse effects on relationships with family members and friends.
- Untreated depression can prevent the affected person to work and participate in family and community life.
- In the worst cases, depression can lead to suicide.
- Depression can prevent and treat effectively. The treatment usually consist of therapy conversation, antidepressant medication or a combination of both methods.
- Overcoming the stigma that often accompanies depression will contribute to one greater number of people to get help.
- Talk to someone you trust can be a first step to heal.
Talking about depression you can be achieved a better understanding of this disorder, its prevention and treatment, to contribute at the end to reduce the stigma associated with the disease and, on the other hand, to increase the number of people seeking help.