The increase in the risk of all types of cancers by the excessive consumption of alcohol is more than demonstrated. The data obtained in people with a high intake of alcoholic beverages are more than acquaintances, although little importance has been given to the possible impact that entails daily light consumption of alcohol.
In fact, always healthy recommendations were heard concerning whether daily alcohol intake does not exceed certain limits: a beer a day or a couple of glasses of wine accompanying meals. But, is it really healthy “that glass of wine” per day?
Known effects of alcohol consumption
According to the International Agency for research on Cancer (IARC), the high consumption of alcohol is considered the third factor of risk of illness and death in Europe.
Specifically, the research agency establishes a direct relationship between continued alcohol consumption and the increase in the risk of colon cancer and straight, breast and ovary, larynx, liver, esophagus, oral cavity and pharynx.
10% of cases of men with cancer, in Europe, is due to excessive consumption of alcohol
The investigation concluded that in our continent, 10% of cancers in men are attributable to the consumption of alcoholic beverages, while in women the figures are around 3% of the affected patients.
Some data which, obviously, are more than acquaintances and are more than contrasting. However, today we are accustomed to hear that moderate to light alcohol consumption may be even partially beneficial, being included in the majority of diets prescribed by physicians.
So much so, that even if we review the disastrous pyramid of official power, we can observe that moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages, fermented like beer or wine, are included on the same nutritional step than meat proteins. We can see it in the figure proposed by the SENC healthy pyramidal update in 2015.
Then is “that glass of wine” it really beneficial?
All of these statements and recommendations lead us to think that light alcohol consumption, is not only not harmful, but it can also lead to certain benefits. Is this true?
Recent analyses highlight the relationship between mild alcohol consumption and prostate cancer
It seems that the reality is far from this type of official and popular recommendations, since recent meta-analysis shows not only that the light or sporadic use of alcoholic beverages is harmful, but even this low alcohol consumption is also associated with an increased risk of cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, and female breast.
In addition to these data, studies have found a significant relationship between alcohol consumption and other types of cancers such as prostate, from low volume alcohol consumption for the first time (> 1.3, < 24 g per day). A claim that so far was inconclusive and contradictory.
With the passage of time and the emergence of new studies and meta-analysis, it seems that the old recommendations that invited to drink alcoholic drinks sporadically or light mode, go limp by his own foot and being obsolete and contradichas.
Of course “that glass of wine at meals” decision is going to be a lot less damaging that intake continued alcohol and excessive, but what is clear is that science, as it progresses, reaffirms that: moderate alcohol benefits… nothing at all!.
At HowStuffWorks | Alcohol in moderation is also harmful
At HowStuffWorks | Some dangers and risks of over-consumption of alcohol, recent study
Images | SENC, iStockPhotos