The flea of the family Trombiculidae, more popularly known under the name of Santo Domingo (or ‘chop’ in some Latin countries), is a type of Red mite of six legs and no wings, which cannot be seen with the naked eye. It belongs to the family of Arachnids, and despite its tiny size, the inconvenience can cause on a human are not few. Their bites can generate an intense itching and swelling. Although with proper treatment the consequences are not usually serious, in some cases, wounds generated by scratching can cause infections or fever; Although not known to transmit diseases.
The chigger bite is painless, and the person concerned will not start to feel the first symptoms until after the first 24 hours
Symptoms of a chigger bite
There are adult chiggers and chiggers young, and only the latter are bothered by people. These tiny spiders feed on human skin cells and therefore make small holes on the dermal area which have acceded. According to the Department of Entomology at the University of Kentucky (USA), areas of the body most vulnerable to receive the chigger bites are those where the skin is thin, thin and wrinkled, especially the feet.
Once they have the sting, they inject their saliva, which contains digestive juices that liquefy cells and allow that they are ingested by the chigger. This type of mite bite is painless; in fact, the person concerned will not start to feel the first symptoms until after the first 24 hours, a time in which the injured person will begin to suffer an intense itch, which will worsen as the red welts (fruit of the bite) will also widen. Its appearance is similar to blisters or pimples, and tend to appear in groups, and can last your itching around a week.
What to do against chigger bites
Chiggers do not stay permanently in the skin of human beings, but that, after a few days and after completing its power, tend to leave the body leaving, that Yes, a red welt as souvenir. To calm the intense itching of the Welt as soon as possible, it is recommended:
- Shower with hot water and rub the affected area with SOAP and water. This is a good way to eliminate any other possible chigger that may remain in the body.
- Apply sale anti-itch drugs free to avoid scratching.
- If you have no access to medicines immediately, put some ice on the affected area to soothe the itching.
This well-known red mite bites typically heal after a week. However, if discomfort persist longer, we recommend visiting a professional which, if necessary, can administer steroid injections to calm the swelling and itching.
How to prevent chigger bites
The presence of chiggers is most common during the spring and autumn months, and more likely to be infested with mites sites are those that are wet. They can be also found in forests, around lakes and rivers, under rocks, or in areas where you also tend to inhabit a large number of rodents, for example. Therefore, the best way to prevent that we are victims of the chigger bites is avoid, to the extent possible, to frequent these areas.
If there is no other remedy, please use repellent insect that contains a large amount of N, N-Diethyl-meta-Toluamide (DEET) and apply it all over the body. Also it is advised to apply it on the clothes, but in advance; in other words, one or two days before exposing us to areas of risk. It is important to note that the use of repellent is not recommended in infants younger than two months.
Also, in order to prevent chiggers direct contact with our skin, recommended wear clothing covering us as much as possible. In this sense, high boots, long trousers, as well as a long-sleeved t-shirt, are the best alternative. Once it comes out of the infested area, you must remove and wash the clothes we have used immediately, and showering with hot water.