Honeycomb is one of the most practical absorbing clothes that exist to keep babies clean and dry when still not controlled sphincters. Its aim is to contain droppings and keep baby dry and comfortable for several hours.
While its power of absorption has been growing as it progressed the research in materials and forms, it is necessary to change diapers regularly to keep baby’s skin healthy. This necessary change is what has made diapers one large outlays of the families when it comes to House a new newly born.
And it is that, approximately, a baby spends an average of seven or eight nappies a day, at least during its first two years of life. Time that can be extended up to four or five years, time in which the child tends to control nighttime urination. In figures, this means that each child used around 6,000 diapers during her childhood, which can lead to a cost of between 1,000 and 2,000 euros, depending on the chosen brand of disposable diapers.
The honeycombs throughout history
In the Decade of the 40 diapers arise simultaneously in Sweden and United States. Specifically, in Sweden, appears the first diaper designed in Europe, manufactured with sheet of cellulose, which has great power of absorption, but lacks any of the waterproof outer layer, so inevitably the fluid came out.
At the same time, in the United States, a woman named Marion Donovan, creates a few diapers with an outer cover of nylon, that made it impossible to fluid to clear or easily wet clothes. To secure it to the body of the baby, these early diapers, the Boater, were fitted with a metal or plastic snaps. In 1951, Marion Donovan got the patent and improved his invention using a more absorbent and fast paper avoiding irritation on the skin of the baby making. But he had to fight against paper companies who did not believe in the capitalization of its invention, until in the 1960s convinced the paper entrepreneur Victor Mills and created the company Pampers.
A decade later, in the 1970s, Johnson & Johnson, incorporated the tapes to diapers and in the 80’s, the rectangular shape of the honeycomb was modified by the clock of sand, making diaper a garment more comfortable and ergonomic for babies, especially, when they begin to walk.
All diapers are not the same, nor are manufactured with the same materials, nor are the same for each child’s age. Therefore, we can establish two types of classifications according to their material and the stages of growth of the baby, that will help you to orientate yourself when it comes to go for one or the other:
Types of diaper according to the material
Diapers that we can put our baby can be of different materials, depending on which will have some or other features:
Disposable diapers. They have an outer shell that does not let liquids, which is made of polyethylene, the same material that is located in the thin plastic used to cover food. The inner liner that touches the baby’s skin is made of polypropylene, a material that is in thermal underwear. Both materials are considered completely safe for the baby’s skin.
Some brands strengthen the inner liner with aloe vera and vitamin E. Honeycomb inside takes an absorbent layer that covers the entire genital area and which is reinforced in front for the kids and to the back for girls. This absorbent layer is made of pulp wood and polymers, which are compounds chemical, natural or synthetic, super absorbent. The best known and most used is the sodium polyacrylate, which was introduced in the early 1980s and allowed that the diapers were fine and more efficient to keep your baby dry. This compound can absorb up to 30 times their weight in urine.
Disposable diapers also feature tapes on the sides to close and open the diaper and elastic bands of double absorbent tape on the inside to fit the baby’s legs.
The cartoon characters and other images that are on the outside of many diapers and changing color are made with dyes that react when they come in contact with the urine. Other diapers help fight bad odor with a small amount of perfume between absorbent Center and the outer layers. These fragrances usually contain a component with the smell of citrus, found in the oils of lemon and orange.
Cloth diapers. Cloth diapers are washable with water and detergent, and less polluting the environment because they are reusable. The cloth diaper, invented by Tereson Thomas, consists of three fabrics, which ensure that the skin and baby clothes are dry.
The advantages of this honeycomb, its supporters include that cures and prevents diaper rash, saves money to parents because diapers are only needed by stages, prevents the baby’s skin contact with chemicals and does not increase the temperature in their genitals because it is breathable.
However, there are also the cloth diapers with waterproof covers, made with fabrics laminated polyurethane, that closes with velcro or snaps leaving the baby clothes completely dry.
The use of cloth diapers is widespread in some areas of Latin America, while in Spain they are still trying to impose collective experiences of mothers in kindergartens. They pose a higher initial cost, but a greater savings in the long run. They require a greater cleaning work, but have a lower environmental cost. And, they are also useful when the baby has skin irritated or in the first months of life when their skin is more delicate. They should be washed with water and detergent, no bleach and rinse well.
Ecological diapers. Ecological diapers are a variety of cloth diapers. They are manufactured with an outer fabric, known as PUL, which repels the urine and at the same time it allows the baby’s skin to breathe. Outdoor fabrics are designed with different colours and patterns.
Inside, they allow to Exchange different layers of cloth or absorbent layers of micro fiber or bamboo, which although they are disposable pollute less than plastics. The inside fabric used is the Microvellon, which allows a rapid absorption of fluid leaving the skin of the small well sequita.
It supports be washed several times and not deteriorate easily. They have snaps and velcro straps to adjust the diaper and so that it can serve for different stages of the baby.
Types of diaper according to the stages of the baby’s growth
In addition to the diapers of varying sizes, adapted by weight at the rate of growth of the baby, there are other modalities:
Braga diaper. They are designed with form of braga or underpants and are suitable for older children. They lack of Velcro or adhesive tapes and allow the child to use them as a piece of underwear that he himself can lower or raise to go to the bathroom. They are very practical when still leaks, occur at the stage in which the kids are training to go to the bathroom alone. Are they well fastened thanks to a flexible elastic waistband and are disposable.
Diaper swimwear. Protect just like a classic diaper, but its characteristic is that they not swell in contact with water. They are disposable, your designs are reminiscent of the bathing suits of truth and are available in different sizes. They have a protection system leak, with side elastic for a comfortable and enveloping fit.
Night diapers. They are a version of the bottom diaper, but reinforced so that its power of absorption hold more than eight hours during the night sleep.
Baby in diaper
There are diapers for all tastes and budgets. However, when deciding which disposable diaper purchase for your baby, the most important is to know how much weight to choose the right size and manufacturer recommended stage. Keep in mind that an inadequate size diaper duties that one that you attach to your small size will not perform as well, and will force you to change the diaper, and probably also his clothes, more often than you would if the diaper is such fair.
Most brands of diapers have a numerical rating that equals the same weights:
- Size or phase 1: for the newborn (2-5 Kg).
- Size or phase 2: (3-6 Kg).
- Size or phase 3: (4-10 Kg).
- Size or phase 4: (9-15 Kg).
- Size or phase 5: (13-18 Kg).
- Size or phase 6: (17-28 Kg).
This stages or sizes are designed according to the needs of the child and look which suits every stage: there are specific diapers for the newborn infants that are lying all the time, flexible for those who begin to crawl or walk, super absorbent for children with incontinence problems… The idea is that honeycomb the kid offer the greatest comfort possible.
You’ll also find diapers designed not only for the different stages, but also for the different activities. Some firms offer a dual range, by stages and by activity. The first, according to size and weight, and the second, with super elastic bands, from the size 3, giving more freedom of movement to the small.
Before you buy, also you must look at the capacity of absorption, which is different in the models night or day. Some brands sell diapers with an absorption greater than eight hours, although it should be change to the child before.
Another important feature is that they are hypoallergenic to prevent chafing in the baby’s skin, and are very absorbent to prevent diaper warping and the contents escaping. If the brand of diaper causes chafing the Angel it is preferable to change and try again. And remember, the more expensive diaper is not always the best.
When to change the size of the diaper?
Many parents become this question, quiet, there are several signals that will give us clues to find out when our baby needs that we change her diaper size:
- Babies newly born or of less than three months, sometimes the frequency of losses is that their feces are very liquid. For them, choose the model of honeycomb designed especially for newborn babies. Don’t use an excessively large size because it might get dirty above the waist, not too small, because this may cause scratches.
- In older babies, an oversized diaper will need too collect the adhesive strips from the waist at the height of the tummy of the baby, and maybe pinch you the body. On the other hand, a too small diaper can cause abrasions or sores in the English or in the legs that can be painful. To verify that the diaper is its size and that it is not too tight, must fit you one or two fingers between the diaper and your body when it is closed.