Básico gratis de Facebook en Estados Unidos: el bueno, el malo y el polémico


Facebook quiere conectar el mundo, pero ha sido descuidar un país muy marginado–los Estados Unidos

OK, los Estados Unidos no es exactamente, pero partes de él están menos conectadas que otros. Y a las partes, Facebook quiere traer su servicio básico gratuito. Aunque el servicio suena genial en el exterior, hay cierta preocupación definitiva.

En ti Blogwatch, vemos las noticias de la alimentación.

¿Así que lo que exactamente ocurre? Steven Musil tiene el fondo:

Facebook may have a new country in its sights for its controversial free-internet plan…The social media giant is in talks with U.S. government officials and wireless carriers about bringing its Free Basics service to millions of people in the U.S….The company is reportedly moving cautiously on the initiative to avoid the regulatory scrutiny that derailed the project in India earlier this year.

OK, gran. Y precisamente ¿qué es lo básico gratis? ¿Y lo que sucedió en la India? Jon Brodkin tiene algunos detalles más:

Free Basics…provides access to a variety of websites — including Facebook and Facebook Messenger — without counting against customers’ data caps.

Free Basics is already available…in more than 40 countries, most of which are in Africa…Facebook says it has connected more than 25 million people. The service includes a mix of general Web browsing and more crucial services like job listings and access to medical information…Free Basics was available in India until that country banned it in its new neutrality rules.

Ah, ahora creo que estoy empezando a entender por qué es polémico. ¿Cuáles son las preocupaciones de la neutralidad de la red? Ahora Sha nos llena:

Free Basics…allows users to access specific sites…via a free mobile app without draining their data…[Facebook’s] aim is to target low-income Americans and those located in rural areas that do not have access to high-speed internet.

Facebook wants to divert the attention from its zero-rating app and focus on the benefits of the program for Americans in underserved locations. The company likely fears the ire of consumer advocates who argue that zero-rating…goes against net neutrality principles…In June, around 100,000 internet advocates sent letters to the…FCC urging it to cover zero-rating under its net neutrality guidelines. The agency has not yet decided on whether it will take action.

¿Hay alguna otra duda con este programa? Shawn Knight describe otro:

Others are concerned about long-term implications…For example, what would happen if Facebook down the road decides to charge carriers for…participation? It could also give participating…carriers an advantage as they’re likely to have a better shot at converting Free Basics users into paying customers versus a provider that isn’t participating in the program.

Así que ¿Qué gente piensa todo esto? Aral Balkan, para uno, tiene una opinión muy fuerte:

“I wouldn’t call it philanthropy, I would call it colonialism.” — yours truly on Facebook’s “Free Basics.”

Básico gratis de Facebook en Estados Unidos: el bueno, el malo y el polémico