Hygiene products for babies and children under three years of age should not contain certain substances such as camphor, Eucalyptol and menthol.
Baby hygiene is an area that parents should care, because the newborn has a very delicate skin, which also easily absorb substances that are applied. Therefore, its proper care during the first months of life passes by using products and suitable cosmetics and minimize the use of certain ingredients that can be harmful.
And it is that, as it indicates the direction of drug quality and the attendance health of the Council of Europe (EDQM), the safety of a product is based on the properties of the ingredients that make up its formula. So, these experts say several agents to take into account when they are aimed at children of the House, such as preservatives and perfumantes, which have an important allergenic potential. Why its concentration should be reduced to the minimum in products for babies and children under three years. In addition, they also warn that they should be avoided in children products containing camphor, Eucalyptol and menthol, for example. Therefore, you always have to look very well at labeling.
And now, take note! SOAP, sponge and a soft brush, wet wipes, moisturizer, lip cream, cream for the area of the diaper, oil massage, Sun protection when necessary and, of course, many, many disposable diapers (estimated that a baby comes to use about 6,000 diapers until you learn to go to the bathroom by yourself!). There are numerous products for the hygiene that are available to our baby, although some are more essential than others.
We teach you should be like your little general hygiene, and also the specific hygiene in certain areas of your body.
A soft bathroom
The baby, the more simple and short, best bathrooms. And it is that as daily and frequent hygiene can cause irritations and allergies even in his sensitive skin, dermatologists advise that infant baths are brief (no more than five minutes) and very soft. Simply with water or by adding a small amount of neutral detergent (neutral pH) wash the baby gently, taking care not to rub your skin much and then enjuagaremos well to remove all traces of the product. We can use our hands and take advantage to caress and massage to our small, but it is also acceptable to use a natural sponge.
In terms of hair, as babies have so fine and little abundant, it is not necessary to use shampoo. The first months hair will also wash with water and neutral SOAP. That Yes, if your child has Cradle cap (yellow scaly scalp neck), you must use a specific product, such as an oil that facilitates the shedding of scales. But in addition to using soft products for bath, behind him it is advisable that we hidratemos the skin properly, especially during the first weeks of life, when it is more dry. A good option is emollient creams, which prevent dehydration due to components such as vaseline, lanolin, vegetable oils or paraffin. Create a thin oily film on the surface of the skin that prevents water loss.
With respect to the care of the navel of the newborn is important to know that you must use 0.5% chlorhexidine for cures and prevent other antiseptics and iodine solutions, that is absorbed can be harmful.
Finally, we can leverage that the nails of the hands and feet are softened to cut them when necessary and avoid baby to scratch it. We will do so with special scissors, rounded tip, without much hurry cutting and making sure that there are no peaks (can use any soft Emery polishing them gently).
In each diaper change should clean and dry thoroughly the genital and anal area of the baby.
The most important baby hygiene is the genital and anal, area that in each diaper change must be well clean and dry. We must make a conscientious toilet, that will also help us to avoid a possible diaper rash. This problem it is estimated that it has an incidence ranging from 7% to 35% of the babies, being its prevalence between six and 12 months of age (and also in cases of diarrhea).
It is best to clean the area with warm water and mild soap; the wipes are very practical when we are away from home, but it is preferable to not use standard (and much) less when there is irritation. They emit substances such as fragrances, or perfumes that stay long in contact with the skin, which increases the risk of allergic reactions. It is best to choose them without any perfume and emollients such as aloe vera.
After cleaning and dry with care we can apply a barrier cream, to isolate humidity and avoid skin contact with potentially irritating organic substances containing feces and urine. Pasta water help to prevent skin irritation and skin alterations, and to relieve them. Insulate, protect, soften, hydrate and regenerate the skin of the newborn.
To choose this type of products, best thing to do is to check its composition, since they often contain emollients, substances with antiseptic properties as the zinc oxide or moisturizers like Glycerin, but some also have potentially irritants like parabens and preservatives substances, alcohol or perfume.
TALC powders have been disused, because they may harm the baby if inhaled.
Do not forget to repeat well cleaning whenever you change diapers, making sure to always remove all traces of the products applied previously, so that they do not accumulate in the baby’s skin.
To soften the mucus from the baby and keep clean your nose using physiological saline or sterile seawater.
Evidently the baby does not know to blow your nose, so to keep it clean, about everything when has many mucus, a gentle washing that softens the need. For this product that can not miss in our basket is saline or also water sterilized marina.
Put a few drops in each hole and tilts head side. Sometimes it is only necessary to moisten the inside of the nose so that the mucus flow alone, but normally you’ll have you to help the tip of a handkerchief, gauze or a cotton swab, to pull it out (without making it too).
In the more difficult cases will have to use a nasal aspirator, which complicates the maneuver because the baby is very upset; but little by little you will go catching practice. Do not forget that this only should be occasionally, when it is necessary because the small do not breathe well. And do it before the meal, to prevent vomit.
Both serum and water marina can be purchased in spray, although I will be very practical single-dose containers. And if small is very congested, ask your pediatrician about the desirability of applying water hypertonic marina, with the greatest concentration of sodium chloride.
As for oral or oral hygiene, can be the baby occasionally cleaning to prevent sores or canker sores. During the first months of life simply clean the gums daily with gauze soaked in water or a thimble of silicone. And when they start you out baby teeth you might want to brush them very gently with a specific infant and water (never with toothpaste), brush after meals. Thus we will be preventing the decay of the bottle, although it bears the name produced by the action of the sugars contained in different foods, milk or liquids like juices.
The eyes of babies produce more secretions than normal during the first months of life.
During the first months of life infants produce further secretions in normal eyes (Gummy). As they also sleep many hours at a time, these secretions are often accumulate in the tear ducts, so it is advisable to remove them whenever necessary. Although it can suffice with gauze soaked in water, the most advisable is to resort to saline (which also helps to clean the nostril our baby).
We may also use specific sterile wipes for this type of hygiene. It is not convenient to use is cotton, because it follows a few thin strands that can be put in the eye.
The important thing is that cleaning is made smoothly, without doing damage to the small: first the crust is soft and is then performed a movement of drag from the tear to the corner. Finally it will dry is the eye with another dry gauze, giving small touches.
In addition, a regular eye health is beneficial so that the eyes of the little ones are healthy, because it helps prevent problems such as conjunctivitis, styes or even the blocked tear ducts. Thus, should use a washcloth or gauze different in each eye, because infection can pass from one to the other. And what you should avoid remedies like Chamomile infusions, because they are not completely aseptic.
It is not necessary to bathe your baby every day, because healthy skin has its own self-cleaning mechanisms; just do it two or three times a week.
Here are some recommendations and tips so that you practice good hygiene to your baby; In addition to certain tricks that will be useful:
- Avoid excessive hygiene: many parents are obsessed with hygiene of its small, but as the Spanish Association of Pediatrics indicates it is not necessary to bathe your baby every day, because healthy skin has its own self-cleaning mechanism. Just do it two or three times a week, since too much hygiene can affect the protective lipid mantle of skin and favour allergies, since it affects the immune system which is “learning” to defend themselves. That Yes, diaper area and hands of the baby must always be clean.
- Buy natural and organic products. These eco products are increasingly more present in the basket of our baby. With ingredients such as wheat bran, calendula, olive oil or jojoba (instead of chemicals) have dermocosmetic properties that give very good results and help make hygiene more soft. Presented in the form of lotions, creams, gels, moisturizing oils, shampoos or balms set to wide ranges of product that adapt to any need. We can even add a few drops of almond oil to the bath water.
That Yes, we must read the composition of these products well because some are not totally natural and include preservatives and other additives.
- Look at the packaging of the products. For safety and practical issues, when it comes to baby cosmetics it is important to pay attention to this point. For example, from the direction of drug quality and the attendance health of the Council of Europe (EDQM) point out that they must have a system of opening and closure that prevents children from accessing its content, as the exterior design of the container must be made of a suitable material and does not present risks of physical injury; and that the components of the container which can be separated, like caps or dispensers, have to be large enough so that the child cannot swallow them or vacuuming them.
In addition, indicate that you containers that they resemble toys and they can be used as such (flasks in the form of dolls, for example) must comply with regulations governing cosmetic products as well as toys. Also whenever possible avoid glass containers. Please note that products such as gels and shampoos are usually used with wet hands and easy that they will fall and break.
And on a more practical level, it seeks to buy products with dispenser. Facilitate its implementation since normally you will have your hands full holding your baby!
- Always perform a thorough drying. Moisture is a friend of bacteria and germs. Therefore it is essential to dry thoroughly the baby after bath: giving soft touches instead of rubbing, but insisting on the folds, i.e. elbows, back of knees, neck, between the legs…
- Avoid the colony: the smell of certain colonies of baby is very nice, but it is not suitable for them. In addition to water, these products contain different oils to dissolve scents and can include alcohol and other potentially irritating ingredients and allergens. Thus, it is best not put Cologne the baby during the first weeks of life. We can then take some clothes, but never directly on your skin.