Pregnant women are especially vulnerable to possible adverse reactions by intake of foods, including medicinal plants.
The active principles of plants may interfere with certain functions in the body of pregnant women and could even generate more or less serious damage, both she and the fetus. Many physicians are family doctors or pediatricians, tend to discourage consumption of herbs during pregnancy, at least during the first trimester of pregnancy, because in many cases can not be with the security of that will not produce unwanted interactions. The truth is that there are few studies that evaluate the effect of medicinal plants on the woman’s body and the developing fetus.
Pregnant women are particularly sensitive and vulnerable to possible adverse reactions by intake of foods, including medicinal plants. Therefore, all caution is walking to the possibility of developing any problem which might be the most minimal risk to the health of the mother and his creature. In this article we help you distinguish between those plants of frequent consumption which is essential to avoid during pregnancy, which can be eaten with confidence if the recommended dose is not exceeded.
There is no reason for a mother to resign to the pleasure of an infusion or continue to use certain plants to alleviate disorders of digestion or breathing as he was doing so far, for example, provided that the consumer is balanced and those exempt from all harm plants are chosen.
Compounds of medicinal plants unsuitable for pregnant women
Specific biochemical components of plants can generate counterproductive effects in women in pregnancy at different levels. It is true that in many cases requires large amounts so that risk is significant, but it should be well informed to avoid any problems. Therefore, don’t forget to never ask about their active principles when you acquire a medicinal plant in the herbalist.
Broadly, if you are pregnant, and without going into specifications, should be alert to the presence of active ingredients that can cause gastric irritation and possible allergic reactions or submit some toxicity, such as:
- Alkaloids, by its hepatotoxic effect and neurotoxic.
- Tannins, irritating and potentially oxytocic effect.
- Bitter principles, by its irritating effect, and in some cases oxytocic.
- Some compounds heterosides.
- Composite anthraquinonic, for its potential laxative and purgative.
- Phytosterols and other natural estrogens, for its potential abortifacient.
- Essential oils, by its toxic potential at different levels.
If you are pregnant, check the labels of the products to make sure that it does not contain any improper substance in your state.
Medicinal plants with emenagogos effects, i.e., that have the ability to regulate menstruation, can be dangerous during pregnancy, and even abortion, if taken in doses high or inadequate. It is the case, for example, of plants as known and consumed as a Sage, wormwood, calendula, yarrow, Roman Chamomile, wormwood, Passionflower, or Pennyroyal.
The plants rich in alkaloids pirrolizidínicos and indole, because of their potential toxic to hepato-renal level and by action (e.g., the vincamine) hypotensive, should also be avoided by pregnant women. It is the case of Borage, Comfrey, horsetail, the periwinkle and similar.
Plants that have an estrogenic action or hormone should be used with caution and always consulting with the gynecologist, in order to avoid unwanted effects. In some cases it may be appropriate, but a priori they are discouraged. It is the case of the sagebrush, the Chasteberry, Sage, cilantro, alfalfa, ginseng or fennel.
There are some that can cause uterine contractions (oxytocic effect) and get to cause bleeding, accelerate delivery, or be potentially abortive. They fall within this spectrum plants as well known as Rue, angelica, feverfew, swab, parsley, verbena, yarrow, Passionflower and nail, among others.
Plants with more or less strong laxative effects, many of which often contain anthraquinones, should be also avoided during pregnancy, since stimulation of intestinal peristalsis could cause uterine contractions. Commonly used laxative plants are the frangula, cascara sagrada, Senna, or even the aloe in internal use.
The plants rich in tannins can cause gastric irritation and, in high doses, also present an oxytocic effect. It is the case of uva ursi, horsetail, sorrel, or St. John’s wort, among others.
The plants rich in bitter principles can damage the normal development of the fetus and also cause uterine contractions, with risk of miscarriage. It is the case of the lesser centaury, gentian, barberry, angelica, boldo, the Devil’s claw and others.
The plants especially rich in phytosterols and other natural estrogens, which could pose a risk to the development of the fetus and the mother’s health. These components contain diverse as alfalfa, hops, or red clover plants.
Plants rich in acid Salicylic, such as white willow and the Meadowsweet, nor are not recommended during pregnancy.
Rich in essential oil plants, which include much of the aromatic herbs, for their toxic and irritating potential at different levels, that also adds an oxytocic effect. He generally speaks of intake of pure essential oil or extract, but as a measure of prudence during pregnancy and breastfeeding are advised not to consume plants rich in these components, even in infusion or as a condiment, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy. It is the case of the mustard, oregano, savory, boldo, Juniper and much of spices.
And, of course, avoid all contact with those plants which are toxic at all levels and for any consumer profile, and that hard could be purchased at a herbalist, as it is the case of Castor, aconite, the Crocus, Belladonna, the nightshade or the Thornapple.
|Plantas medicinales a evitar durante el embarazo y la lactancia|
|Emenagogas y abortivas||Angelica Pennyroyal Yarrow Ruda wormwood tansy Artemis Roman Chamomile|
|Amargas (contienen principios amargos)||Gentian Centaury lower barberry Chasteberry Matricaria Calendula (via internal) San Roberto Harpagophytum Galega Verbena herb|
|Que contienen alcaloides activos||Borage Boldo Comfrey echinacea periwinkle Passionflower Arnica Efredra Eupatorio ponytail|
|Laxantes y purgantes||Rhubarb Sen Cascara sagrada psyllium (only under control, not in the first trimester) Frangula (at least not in the first trrimestre) caña fistula Aloe (via internal route)|
|Plantas ricas en taninos||Brown bearberry of Indies (only in topical use) sessile oak Walnut (leaves) Sun millet|
|Plantas estrogénicas||Hops Alfalfa clover meadow Black Cohosh hibiscus (only in small quantities) Sun millet|
|Plantas ricas en ácido salicílico||Meadowsweet white willow Wintergreen|
|Plantas estimulantes y sedantes||Ginkgo Ginseng St. John’s wort Kava kava Guarana Eleutherococcus Mate valerian (essential oil)|
|Especias||Cayenne vomica Walnut cinnamon turmeric (only under control and in moderate doses) mustard Kolanut cardamom myrrh saffron (only in minimal doses, dusted)|
|Plantas aromáticas (aceites esenciales)||Rosemary (only topically) thyme (only topically) Sage (only topically) parsley (only in small quantities to decorate) Oregano (only under control or to sprinkle) savory Cilantro (only in dietary doses) Juniper fennel (only under control, low-dose) cumin (only for sprinkling) dill tarragon swab|
|Alimentos con hierbas no recomendados|
|Coffee, at least in the first quarter not to take more than one cup a day, best decaffeinated.
Black tea, is exciting and can interfere with the absorption of iron and calcium during pregnancy.
Sauces with aromatic herbs, such as pesto (Basil), Bearnaise sauce, or Provençal.
The tea with spices, containing cinnamon, turmeric and cardamom.
Salads that include very bitter as watercress or lettuce plants.
Stew seasoned with Rosemary, savory, coriander, tarragon or thyme.
Broth or vegetable spreads that incorporate parsley or cilantro.
Fairy cakes and other sweets with spices.
Juices of fruits with synthetic sweeteners (aspartame and related) herb liqueurs and Ratafias.
Some plants effects soft as lemon balm, anise green, mint or Chamomile, can be eaten in dose limited during pregnancy.
Pure essential oils for oral consumption tends to be discouraged for all people, and even more in pregnancy and lactation period, the risk posed to the pregnant woman and the developing fetus. As in pregnancy, you have to take extra precautions, pediatricians often advise to banish the use of aromatic herbs, also shaped lighter, such as infusion, during gestation and lactation periods. Just saved, and consumed in weighted dose, mild effects such as lemon balm plants, green anise, peppermint or Chamomile. Something very different is use externally.
Essential oils are volatile substances of complex and varied composition, which are found in diverse parts of the plants, especially leaves, but also in the roots, bark, fruits or seeds. The plant provide a versatile function. On the one hand, protect them from involvement by bacteria, fungi and mites, and they can also defend them from being eaten by herbivorous animals, to emanate a fragrance that offensive is for these. The same is true of many insects that otherwise would end up wiping out the plant. But, at the same time, those same essences behave as a chemical language, which saturates the atmosphere, and attracts certain insects, inviting them to visit the flower to collect nectar or pollen, and thus contribute to the pollination of the plant.
They are these essential oils which provide the penetrating aroma and flavor with aromatic herbs that we all know. And these plants have warranted the attention of man since antiquity for the therapeutic or cosmetic use of these fragrances. They have been used as natural perfumes, and constitute the raw material of the remedies in aromatherapy. In this practice, oils are used both externally as an intern, and act on emotions and physical ailments. They were also used as insecticides and acaricides, organic, and in diverse traditional and homemade remedies.
Spices, better to avoid them during pregnancy
Herbs are plants that provide flavor, color and aroma to dishes. This feature comes given by some of the active ingredients that contain, in particular, essential oil and its different components, alcohols terpenes such as borneol, tannins and derivatives such as the flobafeno, alkaloids and substances present in spices spicy and bitter principles, such as the gingerols in ginger or cayenne pepper capsaicin. If you are accustomed to consume spices with your dishes, if you have the healthy habit of sprinkle saffron or turmeric on your salads or rice, nutmeg in your sauce bechamel, or ginger in your tea, perhaps you cost renounce it as soon as you are pregnant and keep this waiver during pregnancy and lactation. But the truth is that the experts consulted recommend avoiding these products throughout this long period, or at least eat them very moderate and always with the approval of the doctor.
In general, very moderate doses and if you are accustomed to their consumption, spices should not generate problems, but if taken chronically or doses higher can generate inflammation in the gastric mucosa, gastritis, vomiting and diarrhea. Ginger, for example, is often recommended to relieve nausea and dizziness associated with pregnancy, according to MedLine, to high doses may cause internal bleeding and affect the sex hormones of the baby. Although other studies qualify this risk minimum.
Prudent, when in doubt, is avoid any risk and let spices for when the baby has stopped sucking. As an alternative, herbalists recommend using ginger, to combat the dizziness and nausea, in the form of candy, which is much more harmless.
A pregnant woman prepares an infusion that Yes you can take during pregnancy.
The world of medicinal plants is broad and complex, and the pregnant woman does not have why renounce their consumption, but to be well advise, and choose those exempt from all risk species.
Some of the plants of current consumption that experts not vetoed by pregnant women are which quote below:
- Oats, as a tranquilizer, for insomnia, as contribution vitamin, slightly laxative and diuretic in case of swelling and fluid retention.
- Chamomile, in moderate doses and informing the pediatrician. How digestive, to combat nausea and cramps as a tranquilizer and gastrointestinal, soft in nervous States.
- Mint, also in moderate doses, for migraine headaches, gastrointestinal disturbances, nausea and vomiting.
- Raspberry, leaves, toning and relaxing the uterus, such as anti-inflammatory, diuretic, and antidiarrheal.
- Melisa, in moderation, is suitable for combat States of nerves, mild insomnia and digestive disorders.
- Elder, flowers and leaves, in weighted dose, for respiratory ailments and as a diuretic in case of swelling and fluid retention.
- Linen, in moderate doses and before referring to the gynecologist or pediatrician. Intended to treat constipation, a common pregnancy condition.
- Ginger’s new restraint and better only in the last months of pregnancy, as a natural remedy for nausea and vomiting, which tend to appear from the fourth or sixth week of pregnancy.
- Corn, silks and beards, infusion mixed, to combat swelling and fluid retention. In moderate doses.
- Aloe, only topically, to treat the dryness of skin, stretch marks and skin irritation.
- Green anise, sparingly, to combat bloating and gas as well as bad breath.
- Linden, in infusion, to calm nerves and relieve migraine.
- Wild rose, fruit – rose hips – vitamin content and to combat the weakness and asthenia. And leaves, as a mild laxative.
- Nettle, remineralizing and vitamin, in case of anemia, weakness, asthenia.
- Calendula, only externally, on irritated skin, dermatitis, stretch marks and so on.
- Hawthorn, infusion, to calm the nerves and nerve palpitations.
- Burdock, sparingly, to treat urinary tract infections such as cystitis and prevent swelling and fluid retention.
- Dandelion, decoction and nutrition (leaves), such as digestive, diuretic, depurative, for swelling and fluid retention.
- Red wine, use external or internal, in the case of varicose veins and hemorrhoids.
- Lemon verbena, infusion, to relieve the stomach heaviness and gastrointestinal spasms.
- Greater plantain, in infusion, extract, syrup, or Beck, for affections and respiratory allergies. Moderate doses.
- It mauve, in infusion or extract, for dizziness and nausea, as a mild laxative, and topically applied on irritated skin and stretch marks.
- Marshmallow in decoction or syrup, to respiratory ailments and mild constipation.
- Blueberry, leaves and fruits as a diuretic and tonic venous, to relieve varicose veins and hemorrhoids, for fluid retention, and external use on varicose veins, eczema, grains and dermatitis.
Suitable for pregnant infusions
We offer you some examples of infusions with medicinal plants, yes you can take while you are pregnant:
Digestive: to relieve stomach problems.
- Ingredients: Chamomile, mint, anise and orange blossom.
- Preparation: you separate one level tablespoon of mix equal parts. You heat up the water and pour it over the plant, previously deposited in a teapot or similar. Tops it, and wait 10 minutes for it to infuse.
- Dose: two or three cups a day, but better avoid it just before going to bed.
Tranquilizer: to combat the nerves, insomnia and nervous palpitations.
- Ingredients: lemon balm, poppy, Hawthorn, oats and green anise.
- Preparation: you surely rasa 1 tablespoon of mixture in equal parts. You let it rest 10 minutes and strain.
- Dose: two cups a day, the last half hour before bed, if you suffer from insomnia.
Antialgida and anti-inflammatory: to relieve back pain and migraine.
- Ingredients: Meadowsweet, Linden, Chamomile, and Mint.
- Preparation: you separate one level tablespoon of mix equal parts. Hot water and pour it over the plant, previously deposited in a teapot or similar. Tops it, and wait 10 minutes for it to infuse.
- Dosage: one or two cups a day.
Laxative: to relieve constipation.
- Ingredients: mauve, flax, wild rose and Mint.
- Preparation: you hierves just 1 minute rasa 1 tablespoon of mix per cup of water. Let rest 10-15 minutes.
- Dosage: One or two cups a day, accompanied by a generous water consumption.
Diuretic and depurative: for the fluid retention and edema.
- Ingredients: dandelion, nettle, raspberry and beards of corn, more a natural sweetener type star anise or stevia.
- Preparation: boil 2-3 minutes 1 tablespoon rasa of mixing equal parts by a glass of water. Let rest 10 minutes and strain.
- Dose: two cups a day, the last mid-afternoon.